Pouteria australis SAPOTACEAE Black Apple

Plants to Plant

Pouteria australis, also known as Planchonella australis, is a rainforest tree with milky sap to 30 m in Queensland and New South Wales. It was first described as Achras australis by Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae. Fluted trunk up to 120 cm diameter, with rough brown bark. Leaves are simple, 8-16 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, thick and leathery. The upper surface is shiny, lower surface paler green. The leaves taper somewhat at the apex and base, in an elongated diamond-shape. Edible fruit are 20-50 mm long, purplish or black, containing 3-5 brown and shiny seeds, 2 cm long, ripe from september to november. The Green Catbird Ailuroedus crassirostris eats the fruit, and the seeds are eaten by rodents and insects.

Photo: Robert Whyte

Unripe Fruit

Fruit when ripe is purplish or black.

Photo: Robert Whyte