PLANTS TO PLANT

SOWN aims to rehabilitate the waterways of the Enoggera Catchment and the surrounding riverine bushland by propagating trees, shrubs and other plants that are native to the catchment and making these available to members and local bushcare groups. The plants listed below are the ‘Plants to Plant’.

Database of Enoggera Catchment Plants

The list below is a searchable database of plants of the Enoggera Catchment. For each plant, it includes: habit and descriptions; photographs of leaves, flowers and fruit; and notes on distribution, garden use, and propagation. You can search and sort by keywords.

The main reference used for plant names and habit details in this database is “Mangroves to Mountains: A Field Guide to the Native Plants of South-east Queensland’ (2014 Revised Edition) by Glenn Leiper, Jan Glazebrook, Denis Cox and Kerry Rathie.

Abrophyllum ornans (CARPODETACEAE) Native Hydrangea

Abrophyllum ornans (CARPODETACEAE) Native Hydrangea

Small tree to 8m along watercourses in rainforests in Queensland and New South Wales. Leaves are alternate and irregularly toothed and 10-20 cms long. Small, greenish yellow and white flowers in clusters in spring and summer. Fruit are small, black, fleshy berries...

Abutilon oxycarpum (MALVACEAE) Small-leaved Abutilon

Abutilon oxycarpum (MALVACEAE) Small-leaved Abutilon

Shrub to 2m, often soft with velvety leaves and weak stems on rocky slopes creek banks and sometimes in rainforest. Found throughout Australia though possibly rare and threatened in Victoria. Also known as Small-flowered Abutilon, Straggly Lantern-bush....

Acacia bakeri (MIMOSACEAE) Marblewood, Baker’s Wattle

Acacia bakeri (MIMOSACEAE) Marblewood, Baker’s Wattle

Erect or spreading tree to 30 m, north from Mullumbimby area in wet sclerophyll eucalypt forest and rainforest. Rare, threatened, vulnerable in the wild. Referred to as the "Rainforest Acacia". Bark finely fissured or sometimes smooth. Phyllodes elliptic to...

Acacia complanata (MIMOSACEAE) Flat-stemmed Wattle

Acacia complanata (MIMOSACEAE) Flat-stemmed Wattle

Habit Arching shrub or small tree to 5m. Erect or spreading, in dry sclerophyll forest, woodland and heath, in sandy and gravelly soil from Coffs Harbour to Bundaberg. The name refers to the branchlets, which when young are flattened and more or less...

Acacia concurrens (MIMOSACEAE) Black Wattle, Curracabah

Acacia concurrens (MIMOSACEAE) Black Wattle, Curracabah

Habit Dense shrub or small tree to 8 m on sandy or stony soils in open forest. Understorey over most of South East Queensland and surrounding regions including NSW. Will usually be smaller than 8 m and quite common in regrowth of disturbed coastal areas,...

Acacia disparrima (MIMOSACEAE) Hickory Wattle

Acacia disparrima (MIMOSACEAE) Hickory Wattle

Habit Dense tree to 15 m. Mostly in coastal areas and fringes throughout Queensland and NSW. Branchlets slender with the uppermost few cm angled. Phyllodes somewhat curved, pale grey to blue green with numerous parallel veins, pointed tip. Greenish phyllode...

Acacia falcata (MIMOSACEAE) Sickle-leaved Wattle

Acacia falcata (MIMOSACEAE) Sickle-leaved Wattle

Habit Erect, tree-like shrub to 4 m throughout Queensland and NSW mostly in Coastal areas. Curved (falcate) phyllodes with a prominent mid vein. Flowers are cream coloured ball-flowers in early winter. Unusual seed pods show the seeds very obviously....

Acacia fimbriata (MIMOSACEAE) Brisbane Wattle, Fringed Wattle

Acacia fimbriata (MIMOSACEAE) Brisbane Wattle, Fringed Wattle

Habit Fast growing, profusely flowering wattle native to South East Queensland and Northern NSW. Good screen plant, gap filler. Hardy in most situations. Usually a bushy shrub or small tree to 4-6 m high with attractive, weeping light green foliage. New...

Acacia irrorata (MIMOSACEAE) Green Wattle, Blueskin

Acacia irrorata (MIMOSACEAE) Green Wattle, Blueskin

Habit Small tree to 5 - 10m in the warmer, humid areas in the coastal belt from South East Queensland to southern New South Wales. Extends inland to the NSW tablelands. Grows on heavier soils. Best growth is in moist, well-drained, relatively fertile flats...

Acacia maidenii (MIMOSACEAE) Maiden’s wattle

Acacia maidenii (MIMOSACEAE) Maiden’s wattle

Habit and flowers A medium tree to 15 m on fertile, well drained soils. Phyllodes are dark green, alternate to 18 cm. Creamy-yellowish flower spikes to 6 cm in summer and autumn. Host plant for many butterflies, including the Tailed Emperor (Polyura...

Acacia melanoxylon (MIMOSACEAE) Blackwood

Acacia melanoxylon (MIMOSACEAE) Blackwood

Habit Medium to large tree recorded as capable of growing to 45m but more often in the 10-20m range at maturity in the Enoggera Catchment. Grows from North Queensland (Atherton Tablelands) to Tasmania. Larger trees have been milled for their reddish-brown...

Acacia penninervis (MIMOSACEAE) Mountain Hickory Wattle

Acacia penninervis (MIMOSACEAE) Mountain Hickory Wattle

Habit Erect or spreading shrub or small tree to 8m. From Blackdown Tableland, South East Qld, through eastern N.S.W. and A.C.T. to eastern Vic., with a western outlier near Longwood, Vic. (World Wide Wattle). Phyllodes oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic,...

Acacia perangusta (MIMOSACEAE) Eprapah Wattle

Acacia perangusta (MIMOSACEAE) Eprapah Wattle

Habit Now regarded as a form of Acacia fimbriata (Mangroves to Mountains, Revised Edition 2014). Small tree or shrub to about 6m. Branches can be angular and flattened but not hairy. In the greater Brisbane region found on gravelly and sandy soils,...

Acacia ulicifolia (MIMOSACEAE) Prickly Moses, Juniper Wattle

Acacia ulicifolia (MIMOSACEAE) Prickly Moses, Juniper Wattle

Habit A small, prickly shrub to 2 m in sandy heaths, open forests and woodlands. Generally in open and drier areas on light soils throughout Australia's east coast. Phyllodes to 2 cm, dark green, spiny. Very prickly, as the name suggests. Will provide...

Acmena ingens (MYRTACEAE) Red Apple

Acmena ingens (MYRTACEAE) Red Apple

Habit Medium to tall dense tree to 30m. Smooth to flaky bark; young branchlets reddish. From norther NSW to Gympie on basalt and higher fertility soils. Features a large spreading crown, the trunk in older specimens can be buttressed. This Acmena is found...

Acalypha nemorum (EUPHORBIACEAE) Hairy Acalypha

Acalypha nemorum (EUPHORBIACEAE) Hairy Acalypha

Habit A small herb-like open shrub to 2.5 m in rainforest margins. There is a prostrate form in coastal areas. Leaves are ovate (egg shaped) to lanceolate (drawn out oval) and can be quite large and soft on this small plant. Both surfaces usually densely...

Acmena smithii (MYRTACEAE) Lilly Pilly

Acmena smithii (MYRTACEAE) Lilly Pilly

Habit A small to medium tree to 20 m. Grows on most soils in sub tropical rainforest, often along watercourses, throughout Queensland, Victoria and NSW. Also known as Syzygium smithii. Bushy dark green foliage tree with pinky bronze new growth. Leaves are...

Acronychia laevis (RUTACEAE) Glossy Achronychia, Hard Aspen

Acronychia laevis (RUTACEAE) Glossy Achronychia, Hard Aspen

Habit Small tree to 10m along watercourses. Common in subtropical and dry rainforest and rainforest margins. Image shows a group of the characteristically shaped and coloured fruit - some of these are not quite mature. Acronychia from Greek akros at the...

Acronychia oblongifolia (RUTACEAE) White Achronychia, Yellowood

Acronychia oblongifolia (RUTACEAE) White Achronychia, Yellowood

Habit Grows to 15 metres along watercourses. Has attractive foliage and edible white fruit (tastes like lemon rind). Found from northern Victoria to Southern Queensland (temperate coastal regions and sub-tropical shorelines with natural rainfall greater...

Adiantum atroviride (ADIANTACEAE) Common Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum atroviride (ADIANTACEAE) Common Maidenhair Fern

Habit Clumping fern of rainforests, watercourses and shady eucalypt areas. Fronds will grow to over 30 cms tall. Widespread fern in both rainforest and eucalypt areas in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and the Northern Territory. Also occurs outside...

Adiantum formosum (ADIANTACEAE) Giant Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum formosum (ADIANTACEAE) Giant Maidenhair Fern

Habit Colony forming fern of rainforests and watercourses with erect fronds to 1 m. Very attractive fern in most types of rainforest, delicate in appearance but tough and hardy if it has moisture. Grows in colonies in rainforest or open forest, or on...

Ailanthus triphysa (SIMAROUBACEAE) White Bean, White Sirus

Ailanthus triphysa (SIMAROUBACEAE) White Bean, White Sirus

Habit Fast growing single-stemmed pioneer Tree to 30m in dry, littoral and subtropical rainforest north from Iluka NSW. Large compound leaves of up to 60 leaflets asymmetrical at the base. A. triphysa is dioecious, with male and female flowers being borne...

Ajuga australis (LAMIACEAE) Australian Bugle

Ajuga australis (LAMIACEAE) Australian Bugle

Habit A hairy, perennial herb to 30 cms. Has a basal rosette of velvety, toothed leaves and soft, erect stems. Found in a range of soils and habitats from coastal forests to the dry, mallee country. Leaves decrease in size towards the flowers spikes....

Alchornea ilicifolia (EUPHORBIACEAE) Native Holly

Alchornea ilicifolia (EUPHORBIACEAE) Native Holly

Habit Shrub or small tree to 6m high in drier rainforest, on watercourses and on the boundary of open forest. Separate male and female plants. From the coast to the escarpment ranges; north from the Illawarra region NSW. Not found in the very driest of...

Alectryon subcinereus (SAPINDACEAE) Wild Quince

Alectryon subcinereus (SAPINDACEAE) Wild Quince

Habit Shrub or small tree to 15m, flattened ribbed, branchlets in subtropical and dry rainforest throughout Queensland and NSW. Leaves are compound with mostly 6 leaflets, sometimes fewer. The leaves are alternate but the leaflets are opposite. Virtually no...

Alectryon tomentosus (SAPINDACEAE) Hairy Alectryon

Alectryon tomentosus (SAPINDACEAE) Hairy Alectryon

Habit A common small tree to 15 m in all types of rainforest. The large seeds are carried varying distances by birds, but mostly propagate in the vicinity of a large specimen. The adult trees do not supress germination - young trees can be quite thick...

Alocasia brisbanensis (ARACEAE) Cunjevoi

Alocasia brisbanensis (ARACEAE) Cunjevoi

Habit A large lily-like herb to 1.8 m. Cunjevoi is common in most rainforests and moist areas. Grows on rainforest margins and as an understorey herb. Chiefly in coastal rainforest districts, north from the Illawarra region of NSW, inland to Dorrigo and...

Alphitonia excelsa (RHAMNACEAE) Red Ash, Soap Tree

Alphitonia excelsa (RHAMNACEAE) Red Ash, Soap Tree

Habit A small to medium tree to 18 m in open forest and in the transition zone between dry rainforest remnants and eucalypt forest. A early coloniser of disturbed dry rainforest and a fast growing, good pioneer species. The under surface of the leaf blade...

Alpinia caerulea (ZINGIBERACEAE) Native Ginger, Blue Berry Ginger

Alpinia caerulea (ZINGIBERACEAE) Native Ginger, Blue Berry Ginger

Habit A multi-stemmed, clumping herb with upright arching stems to 3 m. Common in subtropical rainforests in Qld and NSW. Long fleshy green simple, alternate, glossy green and broadly elliptical leaves up to 40cm long. Globose dark blue fruit to 10 mm. The...

Alternanthera denticulata (AMARANTHACEAE) Lesser Joyweed

Alternanthera denticulata (AMARANTHACEAE) Lesser Joyweed

Habit A scrambling, prostrate, perennial herb found in damp grasslands, paper bark forest, boulder gaps and waterway margins. It has a slender but tough taproot and many branches that arise from ground level. The branches either spread along the ground or...

Alyxia ruscifolia (APOCYNACEAE) Chain Fruit

Alyxia ruscifolia (APOCYNACEAE) Chain Fruit

Foliage and flowers Shrub to 2.5 m in most types of rainforest sometimes in sclerophyll forest north from Wollongong, NSW. Leaves opposite in whorls of 3-6, narrow-lanceolate to broad-ovate, smooth, leathery, glossy, margins slightly recurved. Flowers...

Amylotheca dictyophleba (LORANTHACEAE) Brush Mistletoe

Amylotheca dictyophleba (LORANTHACEAE) Brush Mistletoe

Flower Spreading to hanging shrub parasitic on many species of rainforest trees north from the Illawarra region, NSW. with external runners, older stems with corky bark. Attachment and contact with the host plant by haustoria. Mimics the host plant, in this...

Angophora subvelutina (MYRTACEAE) Broad-leaved Apple

Angophora subvelutina (MYRTACEAE) Broad-leaved Apple

Foliage Tree to 20 m, often less. Dark grey, flaky, brittle bark, sometimes similar to bloodwoods or stringybarks. Leaves opposite whitish blue grey to bright green, sessile (attached to branch without petioles). New growth with scattered long reddish hairs...

Anthocarapa nitidula (MELIACEAE) Incense Cedar

Anthocarapa nitidula (MELIACEAE) Incense Cedar

Foliage Medium to large targe tree to 25 m in subtropical rainforest, north from Woodburn (Richmond R.) NSW. Synonym: Anthocarapa nitidula Branchlets green, sometimes with brown lenticels (breathing pores). No domatia, obvious leaf scars, rachis tip not...

Aphananthe philippinensis (ULMACEAE) Rough-leaved Elm, Native Elm

Aphananthe philippinensis (ULMACEAE) Rough-leaved Elm, Native Elm

Medium tree to 30 m, often less, in dry and subtropical rainforest from Manning River, NSW to Herberton, Nth QLD. Often along streams or on alluvial flats. Trunk can be fluted and buttressed. Bark is dark brown and scaly with irregular patches. Leaves are...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Habit and Foliage A twining climber found in subtropical and dry rainforest in Queensland and New South Wales. A member of the Cunoniaceae, a family of mostly trees and shrubs. Opposite leaves are a dark glossy green, ovate to lanceolate with bluntly...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Araucaria bidwillii (ARAUCARIACEAE) Bunya Pine

Habit The Bunya Pine is a large tree to 40 m, with a straight, rough-barked trunk, and a very distinctive symmetrical, dome-shaped crown. This is a contentious plant for inclusion in the Enoggera species list. It is unlikely to be a native to Enoggera...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Araucaria cunninghamii (ARAUCARIACEAE) Hoop Pine

Habit Large symmetrical pine tree to 50m tall from Macleay River, NSW to Nth QLD and New Guinea. in most types of rainforest. Usually a single trunk to the tip of the tree. Often seen as an emergent in dry rainforest, also as a remnant in cleared or...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Argyrodendron trifoliolatum (STERCULIACEAE) White Booyong

Large tree to 40 metres, in subtropical and dry rainforests in Queensland, NSW, New Guinea. Leaves trifoliolate, hence the name, dark green above and silvery grey-green to brown underneath due To a scurf of miniature wheel like scales. Pronounced...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Arundinella nepalensis (POACAE) Reedgrass, River Grass

Image: Form Tufted perennial with erect, cane-like culms to 3 m high in dry woodland and grassland, often in drainage ways. Rhizomatous. Leaves with ligule short, densely hairy. Blade rolled in bud, 3-10 mm wide. Inflorescence a panicle 10-40 cm long....

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Arytera foveolata (SAPINDACEAE) Pitted Coogera

Image: Foliage Usually a shrubby tree to 5-8m, sometimes taller common in dry rainforest Leaves are compound, alternate with 4-6 pinnate leaflets. Leaflets dark green with a leathery texture often toothed towards the tip. Flowers small, cream/rusty from...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Astrotricha latifolia (ARALIACEAE) Broad Leaf Star Hair

Image: Foliage Large shrub mostly around 3m high, sometimes taller, usually with many spreading to ascending branches, in wet sclerophyll forest or rainforest margins chiefly on the coast and ranges. Occurs along creeklines in Mt Coot-tha Forest Park. The...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Austromyrtus dulcis (MYRTACEAE) – Midgen, Midjim, Midyim

Image: Foliage and flowers If there were ever a plant to include in the Enoggera Species list which isn't reliably known to be here, this is one. A popular bush tucker plant, Midyim Berry grows well in exposed coastal areas, especially the Bay Islands. It...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine