PLANTS TO PLANT

SOWN aims to rehabilitate the waterways of the Enoggera Catchment and the surrounding riverine bushland by propagating trees, shrubs and other plants that are native to the catchment and making these available to members and local bushcare groups. The plants listed below are the ‘Plants to Plant’.

Database of Enoggera Catchment Plants

The list below is a searchable database of plants of the Enoggera Catchment. For each plant, it includes: habit and descriptions; photographs of leaves, flowers and fruit; and notes on distribution, garden use, and propagation. You can search and sort by keywords.

The main reference used for plant names and habit details in this database is “Mangroves to Mountains: A Field Guide to the Native Plants of South-east Queensland’ (2014 Revised Edition) by Glenn Leiper, Jan Glazebrook, Denis Cox and Kerry Rathie.

Abrophyllum ornans (CARPODETACEAE) Native Hydrangea

Abrophyllum ornans (CARPODETACEAE) Native Hydrangea

Small tree to 8m along watercourses in rainforests in Queensland and New South Wales. Leaves are alternate and irregularly toothed and 10-20 cms long. Small, greenish yellow and white flowers in clusters in spring and summer. Fruit are small, black, fleshy berries...

Abutilon oxycarpum (MALVACEAE) Small-leaved Abutilon

Abutilon oxycarpum (MALVACEAE) Small-leaved Abutilon

Shrub to 2m, often soft with velvety leaves and weak stems on rocky slopes creek banks and sometimes in rainforest. Found throughout Australia though possibly rare and threatened in Victoria. Also known as Small-flowered Abutilon, Straggly Lantern-bush....

Acacia bakeri (MIMOSACEAE) Marblewood, Baker’s Wattle

Acacia bakeri (MIMOSACEAE) Marblewood, Baker’s Wattle

Erect or spreading tree to 30 m, north from Mullumbimby area in wet sclerophyll eucalypt forest and rainforest. Rare, threatened, vulnerable in the wild. Referred to as the "Rainforest Acacia". Bark finely fissured or sometimes smooth. Phyllodes elliptic to...

Acacia complanata (MIMOSACEAE) Flat-stemmed Wattle

Acacia complanata (MIMOSACEAE) Flat-stemmed Wattle

Arching shrub or small tree to 5m. Erect or spreading, in dry sclerophyll forest, woodland and heath, in sandy and gravelly soil from Coffs Harbour to Bundaberg. The name refers to the branchlets, which when young are flattened and more or less zigzagged and...

Acacia concurrens (MIMOSACEAE) Black Wattle, Curracabah

Acacia concurrens (MIMOSACEAE) Black Wattle, Curracabah

Dense shrub or small tree to 8 m on sandy or stony soils in open forest. Understorey over most of South East Queensland and surrounding regions including NSW. Will usually be smaller than 8 m and quite common in regrowth of disturbed coastal areas, hardy,...

Acacia disparrima (MIMOSACEAE) Hickory Wattle

Acacia disparrima (MIMOSACEAE) Hickory Wattle

Dense tree to 15 m. Mostly in coastal areas and fringes throughout Queensland and NSW. Branchlets slender with the uppermost few cm angled. Phyllodes somewhat curved, pale grey to blue green with numerous parallel veins, pointed tip. Greenish phyllode stalk...

Acacia falcata (MIMOSACEAE) Sickle-leaved Wattle

Acacia falcata (MIMOSACEAE) Sickle-leaved Wattle

Erect, tree-like shrub to 4 m throughout Queensland and NSW mostly in Coastal areas. Curved (falcate) phyllodes with a prominent mid vein. Flowers are cream coloured ball-flowers in early winter. Unusual seed pods show the seeds very obviously....

Acacia fimbriata (MIMOSACEAE) Brisbane Wattle, Fringed Wattle

Acacia fimbriata (MIMOSACEAE) Brisbane Wattle, Fringed Wattle

Fast growing, profusely flowering wattle native to South East Queensland and Northern NSW. Good screen plant, gap filler. Hardy in most situations. Usually a bushy shrub or small tree to 4-6 m high with attractive, weeping light green foliage. New growth is...

Acacia irrorata (MIMOSACEAE) Green Wattle, Blueskin

Acacia irrorata (MIMOSACEAE) Green Wattle, Blueskin

Small tree to 5 - 10m in the warmer, humid areas in the coastal belt from South East Queensland to southern New South Wales. Extends inland to the NSW tablelands. Grows on heavier soils. Best growth is in moist, well-drained, relatively fertile flats along...

Acacia maidenii (MIMOSACEAE) Maiden’s wattle

Acacia maidenii (MIMOSACEAE) Maiden’s wattle

A medium tree to 15 m on fertile, well drained soils. Phyllodes are dark green, alternate to 18 cm. Creamy-yellowish flower spikes to 6 cm in summer and autumn. Host plant for many butterflies, including the Tailed Emperor (Polyura sempronius) and the Large...

Acacia melanoxylon (MIMOSACEAE) Blackwood

Acacia melanoxylon (MIMOSACEAE) Blackwood

Medium to large tree recorded as capable of growing to 45m but more often in the 10-20m range at maturity in the Enoggera Catchment. Grows from North Queensland (Atherton Tablelands) to Tasmania. Larger trees have been milled for their reddish-brown to dark...

Acacia penninervis (MIMOSACEAE) Mountain Hickory Wattle

Acacia penninervis (MIMOSACEAE) Mountain Hickory Wattle

Erect or spreading shrub or small tree to 8m. From Blackdown Tableland, South East Qld, through eastern N.S.W. and A.C.T. to eastern Vic., with a western outlier near Longwood, Vic. (World Wide Wattle). Phyllodes oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic, straight...

Acacia perangusta (MIMOSACEAE) Eprapah Wattle

Acacia perangusta (MIMOSACEAE) Eprapah Wattle

Now regarded as a form of Acacia fimbriata (Mangroves to Mountains, Revised Edition 2014). Small tree or shrub to about 6m. Branches can be angular and flattened but not hairy. In the greater Brisbane region found on gravelly and sandy soils, sandstone...

Acacia ulicifolia (MIMOSACEAE) Prickly Moses, Juniper Wattle

Acacia ulicifolia (MIMOSACEAE) Prickly Moses, Juniper Wattle

A small, prickly shrub to 2 m in sandy heaths, open forests and woodlands. Generally in open and drier areas on light soils throughout Australia's east coast. Phyllodes to 2 cm, dark green, spiny. Very prickly, as the name suggests. Will provide useful...

Acmena ingens (MYRTACEAE) Red Apple

Acmena ingens (MYRTACEAE) Red Apple

Medium to tall dense tree to 30m. Smooth to flaky bark; young branchlets reddish. From norther NSW to Gympie on basalt and higher fertility soils. Features a large spreading crown, the trunk in older specimens can be buttressed. This Acmena is found on the...

Acalypha nemorum (EUPHORBIACEAE) Hairy Acalypha

Acalypha nemorum (EUPHORBIACEAE) Hairy Acalypha

A small herb-like open shrub to 2.5 m in rainforest margins. There is a prostrate form in coastal areas. Leaves are ovate (egg shaped) to lanceolate (drawn out oval) and can be quite large and soft on this small plant. Both surfaces usually densely hairy...

Acmena smithii (MYRTACEAE) Lilly Pilly

Acmena smithii (MYRTACEAE) Lilly Pilly

A small to medium tree to 20 m. Grows on most soils in sub tropical rainforest, often along watercourses, throughout Queensland, Victoria and NSW. Also known as Syzygium smithii. Bushy dark green foliage tree with pinky bronze new growth. Leaves are...

Acronychia laevis (RUTACEAE) Glossy Achronychia, Hard Aspen

Acronychia laevis (RUTACEAE) Glossy Achronychia, Hard Aspen

Small tree to 10m along watercourses. Common in subtropical and dry rainforest and rainforest margins. Image shows a group of the characteristically shaped and coloured fruit - some of these are not quite mature. Acronychia from Greek akros at the farthest...

Acronychia oblongifolia (RUTACEAE) White Achronychia, Yellowood

Acronychia oblongifolia (RUTACEAE) White Achronychia, Yellowood

Grows to 15 metres along watercourses. Has attractive foliage and edible white fruit (tastes like lemon rind). Found from northern Victoria to Southern Queensland (temperate coastal regions and sub-tropical shorelines with natural rainfall greater than...

Adiantum atroviride (ADIANTACEAE) Common Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum atroviride (ADIANTACEAE) Common Maidenhair Fern

Clumping fern of rainforests, watercourses and shady eucalypt areas. Fronds will grow to over 30 cms tall. Widespread fern in both rainforest and eucalypt areas in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and the Northern Territory. Also occurs outside of...

Adiantum formosum (ADIANTACEAE) Giant Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum formosum (ADIANTACEAE) Giant Maidenhair Fern

Colony forming fern of rainforests and watercourses with erect fronds to 1 m. Very attractive fern in most types of rainforest, delicate in appearance but tough and hardy if it has moisture. Grows in colonies in rainforest or open forest, or on alluvial...

Ailanthus triphysa (SIMAROUBACEAE) White Bean, White Sirus

Ailanthus triphysa (SIMAROUBACEAE) White Bean, White Sirus

Fast growing single-stemmed pioneer Tree to 30m in dry, littoral and subtropical rainforest north from Iluka NSW. Large compound leaves of up to 60 leaflets asymmetrical at the base. A. triphysa is dioecious, with male and female flowers being borne on...

Ajuga australis (LAMIACEAE) Australian Bugle

Ajuga australis (LAMIACEAE) Australian Bugle

A hairy, perennial herb to 30 cms. Has a basal rosette of velvety, toothed leaves and soft, erect stems. Found in a range of soils and habitats from coastal forests to the dry, mallee country. Leaves decrease in size towards the flowers spikes. Flowers are...

Alchornea ilicifolia (EUPHORBIACEAE) Native Holly

Alchornea ilicifolia (EUPHORBIACEAE) Native Holly

Shrub or small tree to 6m high in drier rainforest, on watercourses and on the boundary of open forest. Separate male and female plants. From the coast to the escarpment ranges; north from the Illawarra region NSW. Not found in the very driest of scrubs. In...

Alectryon subcinereus (SAPINDACEAE) Wild Quince

Alectryon subcinereus (SAPINDACEAE) Wild Quince

Shrub or small tree to 15m, flattened ribbed, branchlets in subtropical and dry rainforest throughout Queensland and NSW. Leaves are compound with mostly 6 leaflets, sometimes fewer. The leaves are alternate but the leaflets are opposite. Virtually no...

Alectryon tomentosus (SAPINDACEAE) Hairy Alectryon

Alectryon tomentosus (SAPINDACEAE) Hairy Alectryon

A common small tree to 15 m in all types of rainforest. The large seeds are carried varying distances by birds, but mostly propagate in the vicinity of a large specimen. The adult trees do not supress germination - young trees can be quite thick around the...

Alocasia brisbanensis (ARACEAE) Cunjevoi

Alocasia brisbanensis (ARACEAE) Cunjevoi

A large lily-like herb to 1.8 m. Cunjevoi is common in most rainforests and moist areas. Grows on rainforest margins and as an understorey herb. Chiefly in coastal rainforest districts, north from the Illawarra region of NSW, inland to Dorrigo and...

Alphitonia excelsa (RHAMNACEAE) Red Ash, Soap Tree

Alphitonia excelsa (RHAMNACEAE) Red Ash, Soap Tree

A small to medium tree to 18 m in open forest and in the transition zone between dry rainforest remnants and eucalypt forest. A early coloniser of disturbed dry rainforest and a fast growing, good pioneer species. The under surface of the leaf blade is...

Alpinia caerulea (ZINGIBERACEAE) Native Ginger, Blue Berry Ginger

Alpinia caerulea (ZINGIBERACEAE) Native Ginger, Blue Berry Ginger

A multi-stemmed, clumping herb with upright arching stems to 3 m. Common in subtropical rainforests in Qld and NSW. Long fleshy green simple, alternate, glossy green and broadly elliptical leaves up to 40cm long. Globose dark blue fruit to 10 mm. The blue...

Alternanthera denticulata (AMARANTHACEAE) Lesser Joyweed

Alternanthera denticulata (AMARANTHACEAE) Lesser Joyweed

A scrambling, prostrate, perennial herb found in damp grasslands, paper bark forest, boulder gaps and waterway margins. It has a slender but tough taproot and many branches that arise from ground level. The branches either spread along the ground or slope...

Alyxia ruscifolia (APOCYNACEAE) Chain Fruit

Alyxia ruscifolia (APOCYNACEAE) Chain Fruit

Shrub to 2.5 m in most types of rainforest sometimes in sclerophyll forest north from Wollongong, NSW. Leaves opposite in whorls of 3-6, narrow-lanceolate to broad-ovate, smooth, leathery, glossy, margins slightly recurved. Flowers white, fragrant, in...

Amylotheca dictyophleba (LORANTHACEAE) Brush Mistletoe

Amylotheca dictyophleba (LORANTHACEAE) Brush Mistletoe

Spreading to hanging shrub parasitic on many species of rainforest trees north from the Illawarra region, NSW. with external runners, older stems with corky bark. Attachment and contact with the host plant by haustoria. Mimics the host plant, in this case...

Angophora subvelutina (MYRTACEAE) Broad-leaved Apple

Angophora subvelutina (MYRTACEAE) Broad-leaved Apple

Tree to 20 m, often less. Dark grey, flaky, brittle bark, sometimes similar to bloodwoods or stringybarks. Leaves opposite whitish blue grey to bright green, sessile (attached to branch without petioles). New growth with scattered long reddish hairs and...

Anthocarapa nitidula (MELIACEAE) Incense Cedar

Anthocarapa nitidula (MELIACEAE) Incense Cedar

Medium to large targe tree to 25 m in subtropical rainforest, north from Woodburn (Richmond R.) NSW. Synonym: Anthocarapa nitidula Branchlets green, sometimes with brown lenticels (breathing pores). No domatia, obvious leaf scars, rachis tip not extended....

Aphananthe philippinensis (ULMACEAE) Rough-leaved Elm, Native Elm

Aphananthe philippinensis (ULMACEAE) Rough-leaved Elm, Native Elm

Medium tree to 30 m, often less, in dry and subtropical rainforest from Manning River, NSW to Herberton, Nth QLD. Often along streams or on alluvial flats. Trunk can be fluted and buttressed. Bark is dark brown and scaly with irregular patches. Leaves are...

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

Aphanopetalum resinosum (CUNONIACEAE) Gum Vine

A twining climber found in subtropical and dry rainforest in Queensland and New South Wales. A member of the Cunoniaceae, a family of mostly trees and shrubs. Opposite leaves are a dark glossy green, ovate to lanceolate with bluntly toothed margins. Stems...

Araucaria bidwillii (ARAUCARIACEAE) Bunya Pine

Araucaria bidwillii (ARAUCARIACEAE) Bunya Pine

The Bunya Pine is a large tree to 40 m, with a straight, rough-barked trunk, and a very distinctive symmetrical, dome-shaped crown. This is a contentious plant for inclusion in the Enoggera species list. It is unlikely to be a native to Enoggera catchment,...

Araucaria cunninghamii (ARAUCARIACEAE) Hoop Pine

Araucaria cunninghamii (ARAUCARIACEAE) Hoop Pine

Large symmetrical pine tree to 50m tall from Macleay River, NSW to Nth QLD and New Guinea. in most types of rainforest. Usually a single trunk to the tip of the tree. Often seen as an emergent in dry rainforest, also as a remnant in cleared or semi-cleared...

Argyrodendron trifoliolatum (STERCULIACEAE) White Booyong

Argyrodendron trifoliolatum (STERCULIACEAE) White Booyong

Large tree to 40 metres, in subtropical and dry rainforests in Queensland, NSW, New Guinea. Leaves trifoliolate, hence the name, dark green above and silvery grey-green to brown underneath due To a scurf of miniature wheel like scales. Pronounced...

Arundinella nepalensis (POACAE) Reedgrass, River Grass

Arundinella nepalensis (POACAE) Reedgrass, River Grass

Tufted perennial with erect, cane-like clumps to 3 m high in dry woodland and grassland, often in drainage ways. Rhizomatous. Leaves with ligule short, densely hairy. Blade rolled in bud, 3-10 mm wide. Inflorescence a panicle 10-40 cm long. Arundinella...

Arytera foveolata (SAPINDACEAE) Pitted Coogera

Arytera foveolata (SAPINDACEAE) Pitted Coogera

Usually a shrubby tree to 5-8 m, sometimes taller common in dry rainforest. Leaves are compound, alternate with 4-6 pinnate leaflets. Leaflets dark green with a leathery texture often toothed towards the tip. Flowers small, cream/rusty from leaf axils from...

Astrotricha latifolia (ARALIACEAE) Broad Leaf Star Hair

Astrotricha latifolia (ARALIACEAE) Broad Leaf Star Hair

Large shrub mostly around 3m high, sometimes taller, usually with many spreading to ascending branches, in wet sclerophyll forest or rainforest margins chiefly on the coast and ranges. Occurs along creeklines in Mt Coot-tha Forest Park. The name means...

Austromyrtus dulcis (MYRTACEAE) – Midgen, Midjim, Midyim

Austromyrtus dulcis (MYRTACEAE) – Midgen, Midjim, Midyim

If there were ever a plant to include in the Enoggera Species list which isn't reliably known to be here, this is one. A popular bush tucker plant, Midyim Berry grows well in exposed coastal areas, especially the Bay Islands. It can be seen growing wild on...

Austrosteenisia blackii (FABACEAE) Blood Vine

Austrosteenisia blackii (FABACEAE) Blood Vine

A vigorous creeper with dense foliage. The stems become very stout and woody. Dark red sap exudes from cut stems, hence the common name. Dark red pea-like flowers borne on arching panicles from September to December Papery fruits up to 12cm long with kidney...

Backhousia myrtifolia (MYRTACEAE) Grey Myrtle

Backhousia myrtifolia (MYRTACEAE) Grey Myrtle

Very common riparian species on dry banks but rarely planted, probably because of the difficulty of obtaining seed. Can to be hard to establish, susceptible to drying out when young, though becomes very drought hardy when mature. Small tree to 7m tall,...

Baloghia inophylla (EUPHORBIACEAE) Scub Bloodwood

Baloghia inophylla (EUPHORBIACEAE) Scub Bloodwood

Medium tree to 15 metres or dense shrub widespread in all types of warmer rainforest; north from Tilba Tilba NSW including Melanesia. Bark exudes a clear sap which turns red. Due to this resin, it will burn when green, unusual for a rainforest tree. Leaves...

Banksia integrifolia (PROTEACEAE) Coastal Banksia

Banksia integrifolia (PROTEACEAE) Coastal Banksia

Banksia integrifolia is thought of as a coastal plant, but it occurs between Victoria and Central Queensland in a broad range of habitats, from coastal dunes to mountains. It is recorded from Brisbane Forest Park. It is highly variable in form, but is most...

Bothriochloa bladhii (POACEAE) Forest Bluegrass

Bothriochloa bladhii (POACEAE) Forest Bluegrass

Widespread perennial grass to 1m in woodland on better soils, native to Africa, India, Australia and the Pacific. Fairly drought tolerant. Leaves strongly aromatic when crushed, smelling and tasting like turpentine. In Queensland it seeds from midsummer...

Brachychiton acerifolious (STERCULIACEAE) Flame Tree

Brachychiton acerifolious (STERCULIACEAE) Flame Tree

This tree is widely planted in gardens and in bushcare sites, but is not strictly speaking an Enoggera species, not being recorded in Brisbane Forest Park, but its range is neverthless Coastal rainforests from central New South Wales to far north...

Brachychiton discolor (STERCULIACEAE) Lace Bark Tree

Brachychiton discolor (STERCULIACEAE) Lace Bark Tree

Medium sized tree in rainforest from central New South Wales to southern Queensland. Common in Dry Rainforest, especially on well-drained slopes and in association with Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii). Leaves are about 100 to 150 mm long and deeply...

Breynia oblongifolia (EUPHORBIACEAE) Coffee Bush

Breynia oblongifolia (EUPHORBIACEAE) Coffee Bush

A very important and hardy undergrowth shrub in Enoggera catchment bush regeneration. Shrub to about 3 metres common over much of Queensland in most kinds of country. Leaves are soft, elliptical (oblong) to 2 cm. The appearance of the leaves is strongly...

Bridelia exaltata (PHYLLANTHACEAE) Brush Ironbark

Bridelia exaltata (PHYLLANTHACEAE) Brush Ironbark

Small to large tree with bark dark brown and coarsely fissured; glabrous. Leaves ovate to oblong, to 12 cm, margins entire, undulate, upper surface dark green, lower surface pale greyish green, secondary veins prominent on both surfaces; petiole 3-5 mm...

Bursaria spinosa (PITTOSPORACEA) Black Thorn

Bursaria spinosa (PITTOSPORACEA) Black Thorn

Bursaria spinosa is an erect, prickly shrub to about 3-4 metres tall widespread in open forest and woodland in coastal Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. The leaves are an elongated oval shape 20-45 mm long and up to 12 mm...

Caesalpinia scortechinii (CAESALPINIACEAE) Large Prickle-Vine

Caesalpinia scortechinii (CAESALPINIACEAE) Large Prickle-Vine

Vigorous woody climber or scrambler with stems to 12m, found on the margins of rainforest and along the banks of streams, especially in rocky areas, from NE NSW to NE Qld; endemic to Australia. There are some weedy exotics also from the Caesalpinia genus,...

Calamus muelleri (ARECACEAE) Lawyer Vine, Wait-A-While

Calamus muelleri (ARECACEAE) Lawyer Vine, Wait-A-While

Vigorous climbing palm with hooked whips, pinnate leaves with to 50cm with up to 12 linear to lanceolate leaflets. The compound leaves are alternate on the stems. The leaflets, stalks and midribs have small prickles. Stiff backward-facing hooks on the...

Callerya megasperma (FABACEAE) Native Wisteria

Callerya megasperma (FABACEAE) Native Wisteria

Formerly Millettia megasperma. Tall, woody, robust, bushy climber (vine) with woody stems. Climbs via twining stems with additional support from large pinnate leaves. Will ascend into the rainforest canopy, found in rainforest, rainforest margins and wet...

Callicarpa pedunculata (VERBENACEAE) Velvet Leaf

Callicarpa pedunculata (VERBENACEAE) Velvet Leaf

A tall open shrub with tiny pink flower clusters along the stems, mostly 3-4 m high, sparsely to densely hairy, in and near subtropical rainforest; north from Port Macquarie. Joseph Banks and his party saw this species at Endeavour River, Australia (17 June...

Calochlaena dubia (DICKSONIACEAE) False Bracken

Calochlaena dubia (DICKSONIACEAE) False Bracken

Also known as Common Ground Fern, Soft Bracken, Rainbow Fern. Until recently plant was known as Culcita dubia. Widespread in tall open forest, usually on poorer soils. Rhizome usually stout, covered with soft, silky, pale and dark brown hairs. Fronds...

Carex appressa (CYPERACEAE) Carex, Tall Sedge

Carex appressa (CYPERACEAE) Carex, Tall Sedge

A slowly spreading tussock plant with brown flowerheads in spring and summer. Grows well in boggy positions, in swamps, beside streams and in shallow ponds in full sun. Host plant for the Evening Brown (Melanitis leda) and Spotted Sedge-skipper (Hesperilla...

Carex polyantha (CYPERACEAE) Creek Carex

Carex polyantha (CYPERACEAE) Creek Carex

Tufted sedge to 60cm grows in swamps and on creek banks. Clumping grass to 1m with arching deep green blades. Creates a good low maintenance cover especially for moist or boggy areas. Attracts seed-eating birds. Sun, semi-shade. Interchangeable with a...

Carissa ovata (APOCYNANCEAE) Currant bush, Kunkerberry

Carissa ovata (APOCYNANCEAE) Currant bush, Kunkerberry

A sparse shrub to 3m with thorny stems in dry and sub-tropical rainforest, eucalypt and brigalow. Milky sap in branchlets and leaves. Hardy. Attracts birds and butterflies. Thickets provide good small bird habitat. Found growing in dry rainforest remnants...

Castanospermum australe (FABACEAE) Black bean

Castanospermum australe (FABACEAE) Black bean

Large tree to 40m, often occurs in stands. Black Bean grows well along the banks of rivers and creeks. It has a strong root system, which can be used to consolidate stream banks against erosion. In the garden it rarely grows more than 20m with a dense crown. Reported...

Casuarina cunninghamiana (CASUARINACEAE) River She-oak

Casuarina cunninghamiana (CASUARINACEAE) River She-oak

Tall, graceful tree to 20 m along creek and river banks and floodplains. Has fine pine-like foliage and deeply fissured bark. Important tree along Enoggera Creek. Casuarina was the sole genus in the family, but has been split into three more genera, a...

Cayratia clematidea (VITACEAE) Slender Grape, Native Grapefruit

Cayratia clematidea (VITACEAE) Slender Grape, Native Grapefruit

Weak, soft but vigorous climber to around 2 m, sometimes longer, common along creek banks. Fast growing, can smother young plantings, but easy to trim back until the planting is established. Striate stems. Climbs by means of tendrils. The underground part of...

Celastrus subspicatus (CELASTRACEAE) Large Leaved Staff Vine

Celastrus subspicatus (CELASTRACEAE) Large Leaved Staff Vine

A woody vine growing into the canopy, widely distributed in subtropical and dry rainforest. Alternate leaves with faintly toothed margins.Greenish small flower (to 5mm) on hairy, terminal panicles followed by yellow-orange fruit in leathery capsule to 9mm...

Choricarpia leptopetala (MYRTACEAE) Brown Myrtle

Choricarpia leptopetala (MYRTACEAE) Brown Myrtle

Small tree to 15 m but more often seen as a bushy shrub or thicket to 10 m with crooked trunks, often layering, from south of Sydney to Brisbane. It is often so thick as to appear coppiced (multitrunked after main trunk removed). A vigorous, hardy tree...

Christella dentata (THELYPTERIDACEAE) Binung Fern

Christella dentata (THELYPTERIDACEAE) Binung Fern

A tufting fern to 1 m. Usually found growing along stream banks, on rainforest margins, or in open forest. Very fast growing and suitable for cultivation in moist, shady areas. Regenerates strongly. Can be encouraged to suppress weeds by covering and area....

Cissus antarctica (VITACEAE) Native Grape, Kangaroo vine

Cissus antarctica (VITACEAE) Native Grape, Kangaroo vine

Robust and vigorous woody, climbing vine found in the rainforests of Queensland and NSW. Alternate, simple tough grey-green or dark green leaves with serrated margins. Leaves are felty and rust coloured underneath. All leaves are opposed by tendrils or...

Cissus opaca (VITACEAE) Pepper vine, Small-leaf grape

Cissus opaca (VITACEAE) Pepper vine, Small-leaf grape

Weak to medium climber with stems to about 6m, the roots bearing fleshy, underground tubers to about 25cm in length. in dry rainforest and sclerophyll forest, often over rocky outcrops chiefly in coastal areas north from the Hunter Valley, NSW. Flowers...

Citrus australasica (RUTACEAE) Finger Lime

Citrus australasica (RUTACEAE) Finger Lime

Hardy, spiny, shrub or small tree to 10 m but is usually smaller, especially when it has access to sunlight. Closely related to the domestic citrus. Common in rainforests of north-eastern New South Wales and south-east Queensland. Small leaves are oval...

Citrus australis (RUTACEAE) Native lime, Round lime

Citrus australis (RUTACEAE) Native lime, Round lime

Large shrub or small tree to 12 m in dry rainforest north from the Beenleigh area; endemic to (solely found in) Qld. Branchlets often zigzag, with stiff thorns in leaf axils. Leaves simple, alternate, to 5.5 cm by 3 cm, elliptic to obovate or almost...

Clerodendrum floribundum (VERBENACEAE) Lolly Bush

Clerodendrum floribundum (VERBENACEAE) Lolly Bush

Shrub or tree to 10m, usually less, north from Taree district, NSW, on the margins of coastal rainforest. Leaves mostly smooth, though new growth sometimes hairy. Margins entire, Apex obtuse to acuminate, base acute to rounded or cordate, petiole 2-7 cm...

Clerodendrum tomentosum (VERBENACEAE) Hairy Lollybush

Clerodendrum tomentosum (VERBENACEAE) Hairy Lollybush

Shrub-small tree up to about 10 m tall in subtropical, dry, littoral and warm temperate rainforest. Ranging from Batemans Bay, NSW to Cape York, Nth QLD. Can be used as pioneer species. Large, fragrant flowers and colourful fruit make this an ornamental...

Commelina diffusa (COMMELINACEAE) Native Wandering Jew

Commelina diffusa (COMMELINACEAE) Native Wandering Jew

A weak-stemmed creeping herb producing short upright branches and rooting at the joints (nodes) of the stem. Native to Australia, tropical Asia and Polynesia. Although native, often considered a weed of damp and/or shady places, gardens and along...

Cordyline petiolaris (ASTELIACEAE) Broad Leaved Palm Lily

Cordyline petiolaris (ASTELIACEAE) Broad Leaved Palm Lily

An upright plant with slender stems to 6 m. Cordyline from the Greek cordyle, a swelling, referring to the swelling on the stems of some species. Petiolarlis - a petiole or leaf stalk, referring to the long petioles of the species. A hardy species for moist...

Cordyline stricta (ASTELIACEAE) Narrow-leaved Palm Lily

Cordyline stricta (ASTELIACEAE) Narrow-leaved Palm Lily

Erect, slender plant to 2-4 m which forms spreading clumps in moist shady positions. Occurs in rainforest and wet sclerophyll forest in coastal lowlands in Southern Qld and NSW down to Sydney. Dark green leaves to 50 cms by 2 cms. Purple flowers in...

Corymbia citriodora (MYRTACEA) Spotted gum

Corymbia citriodora (MYRTACEA) Spotted gum

Spotted gum is a large tree to 40m on shallow stony soils. An important forest tree, in demand for structural timber and honey production. It features more or less obvious dimples (slight depressions) on the white, silver, grey to pink or coppery bark....

Corymbia henryi (MYRTACEAE) Large-leaved Spotted Gum

Corymbia henryi (MYRTACEAE) Large-leaved Spotted Gum

Medium to large tree to 30m, fast growing, found on relatively infertile soils from the Brisbane area, to south of Grafton in New South Wales. Found in moister sites along drainage lines. Bark smooth throughout, dull or glossy, white to grey or red-brown or...

Corymbia tessellaris (MYRTACEAE) Moreton Bay Ash, Carbeen

Corymbia tessellaris (MYRTACEAE) Moreton Bay Ash, Carbeen

A characteristic tree in eucalypt forest and associated woodlands on flat, deep soils of medium to high fertility, very noticeable by its collar of tessellated bark changing to smooth grey white. A fast growing evergreen tree, 10-20 m tall. The lower part...

Crinum pedunculatum (AMARYLLIDACAE) Swamp Lily, River Lily

Crinum pedunculatum (AMARYLLIDACAE) Swamp Lily, River Lily

A clumping, perennial lily, with strap-like fleshy leaves to 1 m by 10 cm. Grows along creeks and rivers and in swampy areas. Its range is coastal Queensland and New South Wales as far south as Newcastle. Hardy and shade tolerant plant which will grow in...

Croton insularis (EUPHORBIACEAE) Silver Croton

Croton insularis (EUPHORBIACEAE) Silver Croton

Small tree up to 15 m in dry rainforest and its margins, Blue Mountains, NSW to Cape York, QLD. Fruit: greyish, globular capsule about 6mm in diameter and is ripe November-January. Hardy plant which is a suitable size for a small garden. The silvery...

Croton verreauxii (EUPHORBIACEAE) Native Cascarilla

Croton verreauxii (EUPHORBIACEAE) Native Cascarilla

Large shrub or small tree to 6 metres in dry rainforest and along the interface between rainforest and eucalypt forest from Illawarra, NSW to Gympie, QLD and close to Darwin, NT. Relatively smooth branchlets with only a few scattered hairs and scales....

Cryptocarya glaucescens (LAURACEAE) Jackwood

Cryptocarya glaucescens (LAURACEAE) Jackwood

A medium tree to 20 m in sub-tropical and dry rainforest, also on margins and in regrowth, north from Bega district. Twigs mostly yellowish. Leaves simple, alternate, dark glossy green above, pale, glaucescent, ashy-green waxy bloom below. Mostly oblong,...

Cryptocarya laevigata (LAURACEAE) Glossy Laurel

Cryptocarya laevigata (LAURACEAE) Glossy Laurel

Small to medium tree to 15m in littoral, riverine rainforest, northern NSW to Southeastern Queensland, and North Queensland. Large Fruit, December january Attractive small bushy tree for average sized gardens. Attracts birds. Dense crown of dark green...

Cryptocarya obovata (LAURACEAE) Pepperberry

Cryptocarya obovata (LAURACEAE) Pepperberry

Medium to large tree to 40 m from Gympie and Bunya Mountains, Qld. to Port Stephens, NSW, in sub-tropical rainforest, dry rainforest and along moist scrubby watercourses. Often buttressed at base, bark brown, more or less smooth; young growth hairy. Leaves...

Cryptocarya triplinervis (LAURACEAE) Three Veined Laurel

Cryptocarya triplinervis (LAURACEAE) Three Veined Laurel

Small to medium tree to 15 m. Common and abundant in littoral, riverine rainforest. Green, pale and slightly fragrant flowers Sept - Dec. Purplish/black fleshy drupe ripe Feb. Attracts birds. Dense crown of dark green leaves. Propagation from fresh seed,...

Cupaniopsis anacardioides (SAPINDACEAE) Tuckeroo

Cupaniopsis anacardioides (SAPINDACEAE) Tuckeroo

A quick hardy small tree to 8 m. Good for extreme coastal conditions. Bird attracting. Good shade tree, dislikes heavy frost. Commonly planted street tree in Brisbane. Although native to Enoggera catchment (easterly sections) most examples are more recent -...

Cupaniopsis parvifolia (SAPINDACEAE) Small Leaved Tuckeroo

Cupaniopsis parvifolia (SAPINDACEAE) Small Leaved Tuckeroo

A medium tree growing up to 20 m, but usually smaller. In dry rainforest, chiefly in the coastal ranges but also at lower altitudes away from the sea. Compound leaves, alternate, leaflets 6-8. Leaflets leathery, dark dull green above, paler below, oblong,...

Cyclophyllum longipetalum (RUBIACEAE) Coast Canthium

Cyclophyllum longipetalum (RUBIACEAE) Coast Canthium

Foliage Small tree in littoral and subtropical rainforest, chiefly on the coast, north from Jervis Bay, NSW. Recorded as growing up to 25 metres tall with a 50cm wide trunk, but is usually seen as a much smaller dense-canopied plant when seen in the wild...

Cymbopogon refractus (POACEAE) Barbed Wire Grass

Cymbopogon refractus (POACEAE) Barbed Wire Grass

A clumping grass native to eastern Australia, widespread and common, prefers lighter, poorer soils. Tufted, erect perennial to 1.5m. Stems smooth, hairless, rigid, branching at maroon nodes. Habitat for small mammals and frogs. Seeds eaten by Rosellas....

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Small to medium rainforest tree, often in rocky areas near creeks. Host plant for larvae of Macleays Swallowtail (Graphium macleayanus), a handsome butterfly with rich green colour on underside of wing contrasting with a mostly black and white upperwing....

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Dendrocnide excelsa (URTICACEAE) Giant Stinging Tree

Small tree to 15m common in Queensland rainforests especially on the edges or in disturbed areas. The leaves are quite conspicuous, very large, broadly ovate, pale green, with stinging hairs. Often heavily chewed by insects. The young leaves have more stinging hairs...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Dendrocnide photinophylla (URTICACEAE) Shiny Leaved Stinging Tree

Small tree to 15m, in warmer rainforest, especially drier types, north from Richmond area, not common south of Seal Rocks NSW. Trunk often flanged or buttressed, stinging hairs usually not very irritant. Leaves mostly elliptic to ovate, to 13 cm long, base cuneate to...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Denhamia celastroides (CELASTRACEAE) Denhamia, Orange boxwood

Image: Fruit Small tree to 7M, branchlets striate. Grows in most types of rainforest and margins with wet sclerophyll forest. Leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, rarely lanceolate, mostly 4-12 cm long, 10-45 mm wide, apex acute, sometimes acuminate or rounded,...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Derris involuta (FABACEAE) Native Derris, Fish Poison Vine

Foliage A large woody vine growing into the canopy of rainforest, north from Wingham, NSW. Compound, alternate leaves with 9-13 ovate-elliptical leaflets up to 5cm long and 2cm wide. Pink/mauve 1cm pea flowers on arched racemes from September-October....

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Desmodium rhytidophyllum (FABACEAE) Hairly Trefoil

Image: Trifoliolate leaf Twining perennial herb or trailing shrub up to 1 m long or tall on sandy or stony soils in dry sclerophyll forest, north from Nowra district, NSW. Stems with dense, rusty, spreading hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate, both surfaces...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Dianella caerulea (PHORMIACEAE) Blue Flax Lily, Paroo Lily

Habit Clumping plant of erect strap like leaves to about 1 metre. Can tolerate damp conditions (prefers dry), widespread native found in many parts of Australia. Very hardy and long-lived once established. Grows in full sun and well drained soil up to a...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Dioscorea transversa (DIOSCOREACEAE) Native Yam

Herb with annual twining stems 2-4 m long; tuber often deep in the soil, cylindrical, widespread, chiefly in warmer rainforest and moist sclerophyll forest. Leaves ovate to broad-triangular, to 12 cm long, base cordate (heart shaped) or rarely hastate (with...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Diospyros australis (EBENACEAE) Black Plum

Foliage Small tree widespread in warmer rainforest, north from Batemans Bay, NSW. Leaves oblong to elliptic, to 10 cm long, apex obtuse to bluntly pointed, thick and tough, upper surface green and shiny, lower surface glabrous or sparsely hairy, pale...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Diospyros fasciculosa (EBENACEAE) Grey ebony

Foliage (undersides) Tall tree to 30m (often smaller) with yellow, delicately perfumed flowers Sept - Nov, also May. Edible yellowish/green fruit, turning reddish/black when ripe in Apr - July. A useful shade tree for larger gardens. Propagate from fresh...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Diospyros geminata (EBENACEAE) Queensland Ebony

Foliage Small tree in dry rainforest and sub tropical rainforest. Bark of mature trees blackish, fissured and scaly. Previously known as Diospyros ferrea var. geminata. Hairless leathery to stiff leaves, slightly glossy. Distinguishable from the other...

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras

Diploglottis australis (SAPINDACEAE) Native Tamarind

Habit Tall tree to 35m. Rainforest pioneer with large leaves and, once established, a good growth rate. Can become quite leggy even without canopy to strive for, unlike many other rainforest plants which grow their crowns as soon as they get into the sun....

Daphnandra sp McPherson Range (MONIMIACEAE) Socketwood, Sassafras