Fungi are organisms such as mushrooms and microorganisms such as yeasts and molds. Fungi are classified entirely separately to plants and animals.

There are two main fungi groups in Australia, Basidiomycota and Ascomycota.

Basidiomycota is large phylum including mushrooms, puffballs, stinkhorns, bracket fungi, polypores, jelly fungi, boletes, chanterelles and earth stars. They are so called because they mostly reproduce sexually via club-shaped cells called basidia.

Ascomycota is a phylum whose members are commonly known as sac fungi because their spores are usually in a sac.

Agaricus xanthodermus (AGARICACEAE) Yellow Stainer

This poisonous mushroom has been introduced into Australia. It is very common and widely distributed in North America and Europe…