Birds

Technically speaking birds are bipedal, warm-blooded, oviparous vertebrate animals characterized primarily by feathers, forelimbs modified as wings, and (in most) hollow bones. In the Enoggera catchment we have a great diversity of bird species and healthy numbers of most, although we have concerns about disappearing habitat for small birds and ground-dwelling birds.

 
 
Cacatuidae (Cockatoos, etc)

Cacatuidae (Cockatoos, etc)

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Cacatua galerita, is one of the larger and more widespread of Australia's cockatoos. Typically these birds will weigh...

Charadriidae (Lapwings)

Charadriidae (Lapwings)

The bird family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings, about 64 to 66 species in all. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings.Small wader with a distinctive black face-mask and...

Dicruridae (Fantails)

Dicruridae (Fantails)

The family Dicruridae is a relatively recent grouping of a number of seemingly very different birds, mostly from the southern hemisphere, which are more closely related than they at first appear. Thy contain boatbills, monarch flycatchers, Magpie-larks, fantails and...

Estrildidae (Finches)

Estrildidae (Finches)

Most easily recognised by its bright red eyebrow, rump and beak, otherwise green and grey in grassy areas interspersed with dense understorey...The Double-barred Finch (Taeniopygia bichenovii) is an estrildid finch found in open savannah-like habitats in northern and...

Hirundinidae (Swallows & Martins)

Hirundinidae (Swallows & Martins)

The swallows and martins are a group of passerine birds in the family Hirundinidae which are characterised by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Within the Hirundiniae, the name "martin" tends to be used for the squarer-tailed species, and the name "swallow" for the...

Maluridae (Wrens)

Maluridae (Wrens)

A family of small, insectivouous birds endemic to Australia and New Guinea commonly known as wrens. The family includes 14 species of fairy-wren, 3 emu-wrens, and 10 grasswrens.Small bird in forest, woodland and shrub land habitatsthroughout most of Australia. Male is...

Megapodiidae (Mound Builders)

Megapodiidae (Mound Builders)

Stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. Chicks hatch fully feathered, active, and ready to lead an independent existence.A large bird in rainforests and scrubland from Cape York to central coast of New South Wales. They feed on the...

Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters)

Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters)

Honeyeaters and the closely related Australian chats mosty in Australia and New Guinea.Large bird with black head and neck, striking turquoise blue patches around yellow eyes. White underbelly, golden-olive-green wings, tail and back..Brisbane's most common...

Pachycephalidae (Whistlers)

Pachycephalidae (Whistlers)

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and Crested Bellbird, and is part of the Australo-Papuan corvid lineage.The male has a bright yellow underside, olive-green back and wings, and a black head with a yellow collar....

Pandionidae (Osprey)

Pandionidae (Osprey)

A large and diverse family including pardalotes, scrubwrens and thornbills. All small to medium in size—some are very small, most are drab, inconspicuous, and often difficult to identify. Mostly insectivorous. They are most closely related to the honeyeaters and the...

Pardalotidae (Pardalotes)

Pardalotidae (Pardalotes)

A large and diverse family including pardalotes, scrubwrens and thornbills. All small to medium in size—some are very small, most are drab, inconspicuous, and often difficult to identify. Mostly insectivorous. They are most closely related to the honeyeaters and the...

Pelecanidae (Pelicans)

Pelecanidae (Pelicans)

A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae.The Australian Pelican (Goolayyalibee) is a large water bird, widespread on the inland and coastal waters of Australia and New Guinea....

Petroicidae (Robins)

Petroicidae (Robins)

Small birds with a stocky build, large, rounded head, short, straight bill and rounded wingtips. Primarily insectivorous.Small bird to 16cm long, smokey grey back, bright yellow rump, underbody, white chin. Occupies a wide range of habitats: heaths, mallee, acacia...A...

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)

Medium-to-large seabirds. The bill is long, thin, and sharply hooked. Their feet are four-toed and webbed, a distinguishing feature among the Pelecaniformes order.Large bird (smaller than Pied Cormorant) black above, white below, common throughout Australia....

Podargidae (Frogmouths)

Podargidae (Frogmouths)

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars found from India across southern Asia to Australia. The three Podargus species are large frogmouths restricted to Australia and New Guinea, and have massive flat broad bills.Large bird growing to...

Psittacidae (True parrots)

Psittacidae (True parrots)

The true parrots are about 330 species of bird belonging to the Psittacidae, one of the two families in the biological order Psittaciformes. The other family is the Cacatuidae (or cockatoos) which are also parrots, but not classified as true parrots.A parrot common to...

Ptilonorhynchidae (Bowerbirds)

Ptilonorhynchidae (Bowerbirds)

All Ptilonorhynchids are small to medium sized birds mostly from subtropical and tropical parts of Australia. Males build a bower to attract mates. At mating time, the female will go from bower to bower, watching as the male owner conducts an often elaborate mating...

Rallidae (Rails)

Rallidae (Rails)

The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Porphyrio is the swamphen genus of birds in the rail family. There are six or more subspecies of the Purple Swamphen, depending on the...

Sternidae (Terns)

Sternidae (Terns)

Terns are seabirds in the family Sternidae, with worldwide distribution.A large tern, 45-48 cm long with a 100 cm wingspan. Adult has a black cap with a long crest, a narrow white forehead band, black legs and a long...