Anthocarapa nitidula (MELIACEAE) Incense Cedar

Plants to Plant

Medium to large targe tree to 25 m in subtropical rainforest, north from Woodburn on the Richmond River in NSW. Branchlets green, sometimes with brown lenticels (breathing pores). No domatia, obvious leaf scars, rachis tip not extended. Leaves are alternate, compound, pinnate with 2-6 obovate to oblong-elliptic, smooth, somewhat glossy, somewhat thick leaflets. Dark green above, paler below. Bluntly pointed at apex. Secondary veins faint or invisible on upper surface, more obvious below. Petiole 2-5 cm, petiolules 2-5 mm. Flowers are panicles in outer leaf axils, March to May. Butterflies feed on the nectar. Fruit is a brown, pear-shaped capsule with three segments and several red seeds in December to June. Synonym Anthocarapa nitidula.


Leaflets are always in pairs, a distinctive feature. Anthocarapa is a genus of tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. The single species A. nitidula is known in Australia as incense cedar. Also known as Incensewood and Jimmy-jimmy. The bark may smell faintly of onions.